process pipe operator

<( ) operator executes command inside the parenthesis and output the file descriptor

example

$ cat <(echo 'hello') <(echo 'world')
hello
world
# is practically the same with
$ echo 'hello' > 1.txt
$ echo 'world' > 2.txt
$ cat 1.txt 2.txt
# replace cat with ls
$ ls <(echo 'hello') <(echo 'world')
/proc/self/fd/11 /proc/self/fd/12

you can use this command for example to compare 2 directory and find only uniq file

example:

$ comm -3 <(ls -1 dir1) <(ls -1 dir2)