reusing last command argument
$ echo 1
1
$ echo 2
2
$ echo 3
3
$ echo 4
4
$ echo 5
5
use alt + . will reuse the last program argument in descending order
$ echo (press alt + .)
$ echo 5 (press alt + . again)
$ echo 4 (press alt + . again)
...

selective arguments

  • !:1 gives you the first argument
  • !:2-3 gives you 2nd and third argument and
  • !:-3 gives you binary name + first 3 arguments
$ echo 1 2 3 4 5
$ echo !:1 # -> echo 1
$ echo 1 2 3 4 5
$ echo !:2-3 # -> echo 2 3
$ echo 1 2 3 4 5
$ echo !:-3 # -> echo echo 1 2 3
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